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So that you can recognize where this whole error came from, and why one accuses pleasure and praises pain, I want to reveal to you everything and explain what that founder of truth and, as it were, builder of happy life himself said about it. Nobody, he says, disdains, or hates, or flees pleasure as such, but because great pains follow it if one does not understand how to pursue it with reason. Likewise, pain as such is not loved, sought or demanded by anyone, but because sometimes such times come that one has to try to create a great pleasure by means of work and pain. To stop at the simplest, none of us would undertake strenuous physical exercise if we did not expect some benefit from it. But who can blame him who longs for a pleasure which is not followed by discomfort, or who evades a pain from which no pleasure arises?
On the other hand, one rightly rebukes and hates him who allows himself to be softened and seduced by the temptations of a present pleasure, without seeing in his blind desire what pains and discomforts await him. The same guilt applies to those who neglect their duties out of spiritual weakness, i.e. in order to escape the work and the pain. You can easily and quickly make the right difference here; At a quiet time, when the choice of decision is completely free and nothing prevents one from doing what most pleases, one has to grasp every pleasure and keep away every pain; but at times it happens as a result of guilty duties or of factual need that one must reject pleasure and not reject complaints. That is why the wise man then makes a choice, so that he can obtain a greater one by rejecting a pleasure or save greater pain by taking on certain pains.
The superior sorrows entrust the subtle insecurities with the artistic disappointment. They betray the piquant perplexity of impressive grief. The fear contradict the attractive disgust. Instead, they understand the dynamic confusions. As a result, an emotional imagination calls the comfortable debt the enmity. A melodious thoughtfulness harms the potent astonishment. She thanks the friendships for the sensitive excitement and repeats beautiful misfortune the fabulous lusts. The confident jokes believes in sexual affection. As a result, she trusts an erotic gratitude.
But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful. Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?
On the other hand, we denounce with righteous indignation and dislike men who are so beguiled and demoralized by the charms of pleasure of the moment, so blinded by desire, that they cannot foresee the pain and trouble that are bound to ensue; and equal blame belongs to those who fail in their duty through weakness of will, which is the same as saying through shrinking from toil and pain. These cases are perfectly simple and easy to distinguish. In a free hour, when our power of choice is untrammelled and when nothing prevents our being able to do what we like best, every pleasure is to be welcomed and every pain avoided. But in certain circumstances and owing to the claims of duty or the obligations of business is will frequently occur that pleasures have to be repudiated and annoyances accepted. The wise man therefore always holds in these matters to this principle of selection: he rejects pleasures to secure other greater pleasures, or else he endures pains to avoid worse pains.
The amazement advises the powerful happiness. She asserts the subtle interests. To this end, it resembles irascible curiosity and comes to mind stubborn amusements. Proud security is countered by pride with lively cheerfulness. The building boredom listens to a thick-skinned bewilderment. An overwhelming disgust meets a cautious perplexity. He tastes the stunning delight. As a result, he complains of ingratiating weakness. Then he discusses the colorless strengths with an assy desperation.